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Sunday, 06 December 2015 06:16

## EDUCATIONAL EVALUATION

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EDUCATIONAL EVALUATION
1. Answer the following in about 600 words.
Define `Evaluation' and discuss its relationship with `Measurement' and `Assessment' by giving suitable examples.

2. Distinguish between, norm-referenced' and '
criterion-referenced' tests with suitable examples.

3. Answer the following in about 600 words.
Explain the concept and significance of `self-reporting technique' of evaluation. Elaborate various suggestions and precautions to be taken into consideration while using this technique for evaluation of learning outcomes.

4. Define the term `Reliability'. Describe three approaches to estimate reliability of an
achievement test.

5. Write notes on the following in about 120 words each :
(a) Sociogram and its uses
(b)
Advantages and disadvantages of standardised tests ~c} Importance and use of `Prognosis'
(d) Normal probability curve ' - its concept and applications
(e) Mean, Mode and Median -- uses and limitations in class-room evaluation
(f) Instructional objectives -- Importance and Types Concept and significance of Blue-print
(g) Projective techniques and their usage in organising class-room instruction

6. Answer the following in about 600 words.
Identify four difficult concepts / learning areas from your teaching subject which require remedial material for ensuring clear understanding of students. Describe the nature of remedial material and steps involved in preparation of such remedial materials. Illustrate your answer with suitable examples.

1. Answer the following question in about 600 words.
Explain teaching - learning process and discuss the role of evaluation in it, with suitable examples.

2. What do you understand by Summative and Formative evaluation ? Give four important differences between Summative and Formative evaluation. Support your answer with examples.

3. Answer the following question in about 600 words.
Explain Norm-referenced and Criterion-referenced tests. Discuss their use in evaluation of learners' performance with suitable examples,

4. Explain the concept, forms and use of `Projective techniques' with suitable examples.

5. . Write short notes on the following in about 150 words each :
(I) Difficulty
level and Discriminatory power of the test
(iii) Absolute and Comparative grading
(iv) Percentiles concept and use in class-room evaluation
(v) BIue-print - concept and use in
question paper preparation
(vi) Rating scale : Types and use

6. Answer the following question in about 600 words.
Select a topic from your teaching subject.
Construct an achievement test on the basis of blue-print. The test must have nine test items i.e. three items each belonging to three categories of objectives i.e. Knowledge, Understanding and Application respectively.

1. Answer the following question in about 600 words.
Explain various components of `Evaluation' and define Evaluation with the help of suitable examples.

2. What is meant by `self-reporting' technique of evaluation ? Mention any four self-reporting instruments. What precautions will you keep in mind while evaluating through self-reporting technique ?

3. Answer the following question in about 600 words.
Explain the meaning and importance of educational diagnosis. Discuss the purpose and use of diagnostic tests.

4. What is the need and importance of Remedial material ? Explain the process of preparation and use of Remedial material with suitable examples.

5. Write short notes on the following in about 150 words each :
(i) Characteristics of good evaluation tool
(ii) Item analysis - concept and use
(iii) External evaluation - advantages and disadvantages
(iv) Anecdotal record - concept and its use
(v) Sociogram - concept and use
(vi) Normal probability curve - its theoretical base and properties

6. Answer the following question in about 600 words.
Mention the various steps involved in construction of Criterion-Referenced test. Take up a unit in your subject and construct criterion-referenced test having 12 items on the basis of above mentioned steps.

1. Answer the following question in about 600 words.
Mention and discuss the basic features that characterise a `good' evaluation tool.

2. What is
diagnostic testing ? In what way is it helpful to teachers/students in improving classroom teaching/ learning ?

3. Answer the following question in about 600 words.
Discuss the use of `observation' as a technique for evaluating non-scholastic aspects of student behaviour. How should the teacher ensure the reliability and validity of observation ?

4. Mention and discuss in brief the steps for -constructing and standardising an achievement test.

5. Write short notes on the following in about 150 words each
(i) Prepare a good marking scheme for the annual examination in your subject of teaching.
(ii) Differentiate . between Absolute and Comparative grading.
(iii) Discuss use, advantages and disadvantages of oral tests.
(iv) Develop outline of a scheme of comprehensive evaluation for students of Secondary Education.
(v) Differentiate between Mean, Median and Mode and their interpretation.
(vi) Discuss how . coefficient of correlation is misinterpreted.
(vii) Differentiate between grading and numerical marking.

6. Answer the following question in about 600 words.
Choose a teaching unit of the subject of your choice. Give examples (2 each) of different types of
assignments you would give to your students of Class IX. What actions as follow-up of theseassignments will you take ?

1. Answer the following question in about 600 words.
What relationship do you perceive among the three pairs of evaluation approaches ?
formative - summative,
internal - external,
norm-referenced - criterion-referenced,
Explain each in brief.

2. ' Identify and explain the three domains of the instructional objectives. Further, mention and clarify the levels of classification of any one of the three domains. Provide examples for different levels.

3. Answer the following question in about 600 words.
Explain various types of validity. Also, discuss the extrinsic and intrinsic factors influencing the reliability of test scores.

4. What do you understand by `objectivity as a criterion' of a good evaluation tool ? How will you ensure it ?

5. Answer the following
questions in about 150 words each :
(i) Mention types of objective type questions with examples. Also point out their merits and demerits.
(ii) What are question banks ? Discuss briefly their use in students' evaluation.
(iii) Briefly discuss the functions, advantages and disadvantages of continuous evaluation.
(iv) Give the application and use of Normal Distribution.
(v) Explain the difference between evaluation, assessment and measurement.
(vi) Why does the maximum value of coefficient of correlation lie between - 1 to + 1 ? Discuss.
(vii) Practical tests generally become farcical. As a practising teacher, how can you make them meaningful and purposeful ?

6. Answer the following question in about 600 words.
Choose a teaching-unit of the subject of your choice of class IX. State its objectives in the three domains. Mention the types of suitable tools for their assessment and prepare three test items for each domain.

1. Answer the following question in about 600 words.
Explain the role of evaluation in teaching learning process with suitable examples.

2. Explain the characteristics of good evaluation with suitable illustrations.

3. Answer the following question in about 600 words.
Differentiate Formative evaluation with Summative evaluation.

4. Illustrate classification of educational objectives as suggested by
Bloom, with suitable examples.

5. Write notes on the following in about 120 words each :
(i) Criterion-Referenced test
(ii) Grading - need and importance
(iii) Projective technique - concept and use
(iv) Anecdotal record - its importance and utility
(v) Normal Distribution Curve - its interpretation and use.
(vi)Correlation - its importance and use
(vii)Continuous and Comprehensive evaluation concept and importance
(viii)Power test - concept and use

6. Answer the following question in about 600 words.
While teaching in your school, you must have come across some difficult concepts in your teaching subject. List any two difficult concepts and illustrate the remedial material prepared by you for students. Explain the various steps involved in the process of development of the remedial material.

1. Answer the following question in about 600 words'
Define evaluation and explain its need and importance in education, with illustrations'

2. Explain criteria of a good evaluation tool with examples.

3. Answer the following question in about 600 words.
Explain the concept, assessment process and interpretation used in observation technique of evaluation.

4. Define rating scales and describe their types, uses and limitations.

5. Write notes on the following in about 120 words each :
(i) Norm-Referenced test - its importance and use
(ii) Relative Grading - concept and importance in evaluation
(iii) Peer Rating - concept and significance
(iv) Difficulty level - concept and use
(v) Inventories - concept and use
(vi) Diagnostic tests - purpose and use
(vii) Need and format of Cumulative Records
(viii) Measures of Dispersion - its importance

6. Answer the following question in about 600 words.
Select any topic from your teaching subject and prepare a blueprint. On the basis of the blueprint prepare an achievement test incorporating all the essential criteria of a good achievement test. 